Building community to protect the environment and the people who are most impacted when it is degraded has never been more important. With growing threats to humanity and to the integrity of creation, new partnerships dedicated to environmental justice are essential. The new video, “We Won’t Back Down” is a portrait of the work of the Interfaith Alliance for Climate Justice (IACJ) to support those resisting the Atlantic Coast and Mountain Valley fracked gas pipelines.
In a 4-0 vote, the Virginia Air Pollution Control Board voted on January 8, 2019, to approve the air permit for the Atlantic Coast Pipeline’s air compressor station in Union Hill. After being postponed from the November and then the December Board meetings, the vote was finally taken by a diminished Board. Northam had removed two Board members after the November meeting, refusing to seat their replacements until after the vote, and the seventh member of the Board had previously recused himself. According to the Washington Post, the vote was taken “under heavy pressure from Dominion Energy, whose executives occupied two reserved rows at the front of the meeting room.”
The Board apparently relied solely on Dominion’s promises of good air quality, DEQ’s promises to monitor emissions closely, and on Dominion’s census figures on minority residents of the area (census figures that even DEQ staff have said are inaccurate).
Board members Richard Langford and Ignacia Moreno agreed that siting the compressor station in Union Hill raised environmental justice issues. But Langford voted in favor of the permit because he said he believed emissions would be within the accepted limits so there would be no disproportionate effects. After speaking about environmental justice issues, Moreno voted in favor because she believes the state will closely monitor health impacts. Although Board member Nicole Rovner had asked difficult questions in previous meetings, she voted in favor of the permit without any further explanation or comment. Lastly, William Ferguson of Newport News did not address environmental justice or air quality issues, but argued in favor of the entire ACP because he believes the proposed spur to Hampton Roads will provide natural gas for economic development there.
On the eve of the Virginia Air Pollution Control Board vote, the Washington Post reported on January 7, 2019, that both Rebecca Rubin and Samuel Bleicher “warn that regulators are preparing to vote on Dominion Energy’s plan to put a natural gas facility in a rural African American community based on inaccurate information from staff and from the utility.”
Rubin and Bleicher are the two Air Board members that Northam removed after the November 2018 meeting when the Board postponed its vote. Although neither has said how they would vote (if they could), both raised questions in that November meeting.
“‘The site is not a very desirable site from the point of view of either environmental justice or impact on the community,’ Bleicher said in an interview. ‘The record Dominion prepared was based on a not-very-serious look at the neighbors. … It’s a historic free-black community. There are churches and cemeteries and people who live there — none of which shows up in the analysis they presented.'”
The state Department of Environmental Quality and Dominion (which insists its data is unbiased) have said that the area around the proposed facility is predominantly white, but they used broad census data instead of an actual head count, and showed a sparsely populated area with a 37% minority concentration.
The Post reports, “Better data has come from an anthropologist affiliated with the University of Virginia who conducted door-to-door research in the area, Rubin said in a separate interview. Using the research by anthropologist Lakshmi Fjord, ‘you don’t have to extrapolate anything,’ Rubin said. ‘It’s very clear and excellent data … to quantitatively show that it is in fact a historically black community.’ The board should let that guide its vote, she said. ‘In order for environmental justice to mean something, it has to mean something when crucial decisions are being made,'”
In reviewing Ford’s data, gathered over a two-year period, Stephen Metts, a researcher on the adjunct faculty at the New School in New York who has gathered demographic data for several other pipelines, said “Union Hill is ‘by far the strongest’ case he has seen.” Studying aerial images and Ford’s data, “Metts found that Union Hill is ‘actually 51 percent more dense than any other location in the county. And those people just happen to be 83 percent minority.'”
Read the full Washington Post article here.
Read Rebecca Rubin’s opinion column, also in the January 7 Washington Post, Is Virginia interested in environmental justice? We’re about to find out.
Related article on methodology by demographic researcher Stephen Metts: 1-7-19 Medium. Dominion Energy & Environmental Racism: a case study in how to lie with maps. “Yes, the title is provocative, but its not entirely mine. I simply and liberally borrow from the classic Mark Monmonier primer entitled How to Lie with Maps. But the reality of this ‘case study’ is indeed provocative, and it amounts to nothing less than outright environmental racism under the direction of ‘one of the nation’s largest producers and transporters of energy’, Dominion Energy. In the following maps, charts and discussion, I detail the mechanisms behind Dominion Energy’s use of a ‘product’ from ESRI based in California; the ‘skills’ of one international environmental firm; ‘validated’ by an academic institution in Virginia and delivered to decision makers that may unwittingly (or not) participate in the statistical erasure of a local, historic, minority-majority community in Buckingham County, Virginia.”
TODAY, Friday January 4, 2019: Comments to the Air Pollution Control Board are due by 11:59 pm. Write now!
TOMORROW, Saturday January 5, 2019: Friends of Nelson Annual Membership Meeting, 6-10 at Rockfish Valley Community Center. Bring your potluck dish, your dancing shoes, and come celebrate with us!
2018 was an eventful year in our ongoing fight against the Atlantic Coast Pipeline – it’s been four and a half years now, and Friends of Nelson and our allies remain strong and determined. We are honored by your continued support. Whether you sent in a check, showed up for a public meeting, submitted comments at a hearing, held signs in protest, wrote a letter to the editor, provided a comment on a news article, expressed thoughts in social media, walked the ‘line’ with us, or participated in any of the myriad ways to spread the message of our resolve – you have our heartfelt appreciation.
Together we have already achieved a great deal.
- We have publicized eminent domain abuse and the loss of individual property rights, researched and reported on the potential economic impact to our county, documented the dangers of building the pipeline on steep slopes, emphasized the value of our water and natural resources, helped bring attention to social injustice, and expressed our concern about climate change to those charged with acting in the public interest.
- We have changed the conversation. The issues raised in response to Dominion’s proposed ACP have become front and center in Virginia; no longer can a candidate or elected official use the easy ‘it’s out of my hands’ excuse to avoid taking a position on fossil fuel infrastructure and eminent domain abuse. Legislation has been introduced to address many of the egregious regulatory statutes written by big energy, for big energy, but paid for by the rest of us.
- We have held the line. Through our many and various efforts to hold permitting agencies accountable, the project’s initial ‘in service’ date of Winter 2018 has been extended once again. Dominion’s most recent revised estimate? Summer 2020. Our prediction? No pipeline – period.
But there is much more to do. Friends of Nelson will continue this fight in the courts and on the ground. We hope for your continued support through a monetary donation and through participation in one of our 2019 campaigns.
Please start out the New Year by joining us for our annual celebration on January 5, 2019, 6-10 pm (doors open at 5:30) at Rockfish Valley Community Center. Bring a labeled dish to share at our potluck, and bring your dancing shoes – we’ll have live Music by The Findells.
Here’s a review of (just some) highlights of 2018:
- January 18, 2018: ABRA Members Sue Virginia Over ACP Approvals. A coalition of environmental and conservation organizations filed a legal challenge to the Virginia State Water Control Board’s December 12 approval of a water quality certification for the ACP. The suit, filed with the Fourth Circuit Federal Court of Appeals by the Southern Environmental Law Center (SELC) and Appalachian Mountain Advocates on behalf of the client group, charges that the Board’s decision failed to consider the impacts of the project on water quality in Virginia sufficiently to meet the requirements of the Clean Water Act.
- January 19, 2018: FERC issued an approval for the ACP to proceed with tree felling for its pipeline project.
- January 22, 2018: ABRA announces Pipeline Compliance Surveillance Initiative (CSI). Since then, Friends of Nelson has partnered with ABRA and other regional organizations in development of a citizen monitoring effort for construction activities related to the ACP. Several orientation and training meetings were well attended in 2018, and more intensive trainings are planned for the coming months. Volunteers can work in the field gathering needed documentation of construction impacts, or can be trained to review submitted documentation for analysis prior to submission to the appropriate governmental agency.
- February 5, 2018: the Nelson County Board of Zoning Appeals dismissed seven of Dominion’s eleven requests for variance to Nelson’s floodplain ordinance for lack of standing, and granted deferrals for a hearing on the remaining four. “Lack of standing” means that Dominion requested variances on properties it does not own or for which it has no legal right or easements; Virginia law does not permit such requests.
- February 5, 2018: Southern Environmental Law Center and The Sierra Club on behalf of a coalition of conservation groups filed suit in federal court against the National Forest Service over a grant recently issued to the ACP.
- March 1, 2018: Judge Moon, of the US Western District of Virginia Federal Court in Lynchburg, granted ‘immediate access’ for tree-felling on 16 of the 27 Virginia properties for which Dominion requested access. Notice issues, meaning parties were not served the lawsuits or did not have adequate time to respond, prevented Moon from ruling on the 11 remaining properties, but he expects “proper notice to be achieved” in the next two weeks.
- March 6-7, 2018: Dominion clear-cuts on Beech Grove Road at the entrance to Wintergreen at the site of the proposed horizontal directional drilling under the Blue Ridge Parkway and Appalachian Trail at Reeds Gap. As of the year’s end, the clear-cut swath up the side of the mountain remains glaringly visible, covered with still-untouched felled trees. Trees were cut before Dominion received all permits, and, because of a number of stays and denied permits, ACP construction is currently on indefinite hold.
- March 9, 2018: The Southern Environmental Law Center and Appalachian Mountain Advocates, on behalf of their clients, filed a request asking the Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals in Richmond to halt construction of the ACP until the court decides whether the FERC’s permit is valid.
- March 16, 2018: ACP seeks an extension to May 15 for tree felling outside of the limitations they agreed to for bats and migratory birds. FERC issued a denial of the request on March 28.
- May 11, 2018: FERC granted authority for the ACP “to commence full construction in the certificated workspace and select areas with changes, for the 2018 construction spreads in West Virginia.” FERC’s notice also states that “this authorization grants approval to proceed on properties where tree felling has occurred or for which there are no trees, excluding any workspace located on US National Forest Service lands.”
- May 15, 2018: The Richmond Times-Dispatch reported that, “A federal appeals court has ordered a halt to construction of the 600-mile Dominion Energy-led Atlantic Coast Pipeline, following a legal challenge by environmental opponents who argued a review by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service was inadequate. A three-judge panel at the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit agreed, striking down the review, known as an incidental take statement, which is meant to set limits on harm to threatened or endangered species during construction.”
- May 30, 2018: Gov. Ralph Northam’s Advisory Council on Environmental Justice reached consensus May 30 on a draft statement recommending a moratorium on new gas infrastructure in the Commonwealth and calling for a stream-by-stream assessment of the impact of both the Atlantic Coast and Mountain Valley pipelines. On August 16, the Council called for a stay on all further permits for the Atlantic Coast and Mountain Valley Pipelines. The Governor rejected the report, saying it was merely a “draft,” The Council stated that it was a final report, the Governor then ignored it.
- June 7, 2018: Early in the morning on June 7, 2018, a massive explosion in a new natural gas pipeline just south of Wheeling WV sent huge fireballs into the sky that could be seen miles away. The line that ruptured was a brand new, “best-in-class,” 36-inch diameter pipe with operating pressure of 1,440 PSI, just put in service in January 2018. The explosion was triggered by a landslide which caused the “best-in-class” pipeline to rupture. The mountainous terrain where the ACP proposes to build its “best-in-class” pipeline is particularly susceptible to landslides, especially when fill material generated by construction is deposited on slopes after the pipelines are buried.
- June 28, 2018: Little Pink House showing, to help educate the public about the importance of fighting eminent domain abuse.
- June 29, 2018: No Pipeline Summer Camp begins, a continuous peaceful and family-friendly encampment on the Bath County property of Bill and Lynn Limpert; the camp runs through September. The ACP is slated to go right through their property, destroying hundreds of its jaw-dropping old growth trees, and decapitating an entire ridgeline known locally as “Miracle Ridge.”
- July 19, 2018: The Nelson County Service Authority Board voted unanimously against a proposal to set a rate of more than 10 cents per gallon and a connection fee of $500,000 for the ACP, which wanted to purchase 40,000 gallons of water per day for up to two years. The water would have come from Lake Monacan, and the ACP wanted to use it for horizontal directional drilling to bore a path for the pipeline beneath the Blue Ridge Parkway, from near the Wintergreen entrance through to Augusta County.
- August 6, 2018: The three-judge panel of the 4th Circuit Court of Appeals released a unanimous opinion on its May 15 Order that vacated the Fish and Wildlife Service’s biological opinion for the Atlantic Coast Pipeline. The long-awaited opinion, written by Chief Judge Roger L. Gregory, also vacated the Right-of-Way permit issued by the National Park Service for drilling under the Blue Ridge Parkway. In response, FERC issued a stop-work order for the ACP on August 10, which they lifted on September 17.
- August 10, 2018: FERC rejected the many petitions that had been pending before it to re-hear its October 13, 2017, decision to issue a permit for building the ACP. The action occurred on a 2-1 vote, with Commissioner LaFleur issuing a strong dissent and Commissioner Glick intentionally not participating, thus allowing challengers to bring a court suit to rehear the decision.
- August 21, 2018: Rather than taking any strong action on its own, the State Water Control Board adopted a motion calling for the DEQ “to aggressively enforce” the Erosion & Sediment and the Stormwater requirements for the ACP and the MVP. The Board defeated, 4-3, a motion to modify or revoke the state’s certification of a nationwide permit to oversee more than 1,000 water crossings by the MVP and ACP, but agreed unanimously to require more rigorous enforcement of state standards to protect water quality. It was later revealed that Robert Dunn, Chairman of the Virginia State Water Control Board, did not understand the ramifications of the Board’s actions on water quality certifications.
- September 4, 2018: Friends of Nelson and Wild Virginia submitted a motion to FERC to “rescind and place in abeyance the Certificate of Convenience and Necessity for the Atlantic Coast Pipeline issued by the Commission staff on October 13, 2017, to rescind the Final Environmental Impact Statement (“FEIS”) for the Atlantic Coast Pipeline (“ACP”) issued on July 21, 2017 in the above captioned dockets, to and to initiate a new DEIS/FEIS NEPA process in this matter.” The case will be heard in the Fourth Circuit Court in January 2019.
- September 24, 2018: The Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals issued a stay in the case challenging the Special Use Permit (SPU) that had been issued by the US Forest Service for the Atlantic Coast Pipeline. The case is scheduled to be argued before the Fourth Circuit on September 28. Thus the SPU allowing the project to cross national forest land is stayed pending the appeal and FERC will be asked to issue a stop work.
- Fall 2018: Spruce Creek Gathering – Three weekends of public education, support and communion with local and regional activists. Participants learned about the area’s unique history and geology, and how much of our economy and quality of life depends on Nelson’s natural beauty and clean water.
- November 8-9, 2018: On a 6-0 vote the Virginia State Air Pollution Control Board deferred until its December 10, 2018, meeting a decision on a needed air permit for the proposed compressor station in Buckingham County for the Atlantic Coast Pipeline. A major reason cited by board members for the deferred vote centered upon concerns over the disproportionate impact the compressor station would have on the minority community of Union Hill and the unsatisfactory response by the Department of Environmental Quality staff to those concerns. On November 15, Governor Northam announced he was replacing two members of the Air Pollution Control Board, the members who had raised the most questions about the air permit. Northam said it was because their terms had expired (but so had terms of over 200 citizen members of other boards who were not replaced). Further announcements said that new Board members would not be seated until after the December 10 meeting, meaning 4 Board members would vote on the permit. Organizations, media editorials, and individuals continue to criticize the governor’s actions.
- November 16, 2018: The ACP and Dominion filed for Quick Take in the US Western District of Virginia Federal Court in Lynchburg against at least 11 Nelson landowners. Quick Take takes away the constitutional right to due process for every defendant. It also usurps Congressional authority to make and change laws.
- November 20, 2018: Following requests from Appalachian Mountain Advocates (Appalmad) attorneys, the Norfolk, Huntington, and Pittsburgh districts of the Army Corps of Engineers have each suspended its authorization of the ACP. As a result, ACP lacks authorization to do any instream or wetland construction anywhere along its route.
- December 3, 2018: With a 3-2 vote, the Nelson County Board of Zoning Appeals denied four of Dominion’s applications for the variances to the County’s flood plain ordinance needed to construct the ACP across flood plains in Nelson. The other seven of the original eleven applications were dismissed in January 2018, and ACP will have to submit new applications for them. On December 6, 2018, ACP filed a lawsuit against the Nelson County Board of Supervisors in response to the Board of Zoning Appeal’s denial.
- December 7, 2018: the Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals issued a stay of the ACP’s Fish and Wildlife Service permit regarding incidental take of endangered species. This action was in response to a petition filed on November 30 by the Southern Environmental Law Center, and said simply, “Upon consideration of the submissions relative to petitioners’ motion to stay, the court grants the motion and stays implementation of the Fish and Wildlife Service’s 2018 Biological Opinion and Incidental Take Statement pending review by the court.” By the end of the day, Dominion had notified FERC that work will stop along the entire ACP route, saying, “In response to a stay of implementation of the US Fish and Wildlife Service’s 2018 Biological Opinion and Incidental Take Statement granted today by the US Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit, Dominion Energy, on behalf of Atlantic and itself, has stopped construction on the entire Projects, except for stand-down activities needed for safety and that are necessary to prevent detriment to the environment.”
- December 19, 2018: The Air Pollution Control Board voted 3-1 on December 19, 2018, to postpone their vote on the Union Hill compressor station air permit and extend the public comment period. On December 21, the Friday before Christmas, DEQ opened a two week comment period to end January 4, 2019 – two weeks which included three state holidays and four weekend days. On December 29, DEQ announced that the Air Pollution Control Board meeting would be held January 8, 2019, and that there would be no public comment at the meeting.
What a year it has been! Thank you for joining us in the journey.
The Air Pollution Control Board meeting to vote on the air pollution permit for the proposed Union Hill compressor station will be held on Tuesday January 8, 2019, beginning at 10 am, with registration and doors opening to the public at 9 am. The meeting will be held at the DoubleTree by Hilton Richmond-Midlothian, James River Parlor G/H, 1021 Koger Center Boulevard, Richmond, Virginia 23235.
In addition to the usual regulations forbidding signs on sticks, helium balloons, smoking, firearms, and disruptive behavior, the tentative meeting agenda includes this statement: “There will be no public comment opportunity at the meeting. Consideration of the draft permit is a case decision under the Board’s Policy for Public Comments at State Air Pollution Control Board meetings. Both the law and the Board’s policy provide for commenters to have an opportunity to respond to the summary of the prior public comment period presented to the Board. The opportunity to respond to the summary of the August 8, 2018, through September 21, 2018, public comment period was provided on November 8, 2018. For the December 21, 2018, through January 4, 2019, public comment period, the Department of Environmental Quality staff are not presenting a summary of the comments to the Board members. The public comments received during this comment period are being provided directly to the Board members for their consideration. Therefore, there is no opportunity for public comment at the meeting.”
DEQ instructions for sending comments on the air permit for the compressor station:
- by Postal Mail or Hand Delivery to Piedmont Regional Office, Re: Buckingham Compressor Station, 4949-A Cox Road, Glen Allen, VA 23060;
- by E-mail at email@example.com; or
- by Fax at (804) 527-5106
These instructions have been copied directly from the DEQ Web page. But BE AWARE: People report that email sent to the email address published by DEQ bounces, so either the address is bad or their server is down. Yet another limitation on the abbreviated comment period.