Category Archives: Compressor Stations

Appalling Silence

Jonathan Sokolow’s September 4, 2018, article in Medium, Pipeline Politics: The Appalling Silence of Virginia Governor Ralph Northam, discusses the apparent acceptance of  the “old plantation tradition” by Governor Northam, his Chief of Staff Clark Mercer, and his Secretary of Natural Resources Matt Strickler.

“But elsewhere in Virginia, plantation politics is alive and well, shining a bright and distasteful light on the pipeline battle over which Matt Strickler and Governor Northam are presiding. And the epicenter is Buckingham County, the geographic heart of the Commonwealth.”

Northam has been completely silent on Union Hill for four years, although he directly addressed Dominion’s plans to build a compressor station for a different project in view of Mt. Vernon, and a week later Dominion moved the compressor station. Mt. Vernon is now safe, Union Hill is not.

Northam has remained silent despite pleas from the Virginia State Chapter of the NAACP, despite the investigation of Union Hill by the U.S. Justice Department, and despite the strong statement of the Governor’s own Advisory Council on Environmental Justice. Sokolow notes that, “You would expect a Democratic governor, elected in 2017 with overwhelming African American support, to respond positively to such recommendations from his own Environmental Justice appointees. You would be wrong.”

Sokolow reminds us, “In April 1963, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. wrote a letter from his jail cell in Birmingham, Alabama that would become a bedrock document of the Civil Rights Movement. Speaking to leaders who, despite good intentions, failed to speak up against injustice, King famously wrote: ‘We will have to repent in this generation not merely for the hateful words and actions of the bad people but for the appalling silence of the good people.'”

Sokolow concludes, “Northam’s silence is more than just embarrassing. His failure to listen to his own appointees is more than just insulting. One might say his silence is appalling.”

Governor at Odds with Appointed Advisory Council

In a letter on August 16, 2018, Governor Ralph Northam’s Advisory Council on Environmental Justice called for a stay on all further permits for the Atlantic Coast and Mountain Valley Pipelines. Blue Virginia reported that the Council recommended an Emergency Task Force on Environmental Justice in Gas Infrastructure to review and address the evidence it has found of “disproportionate impacts for people of color and for low-income populations due to gas infrastructure expansion.”

The Global Justice Ecology Project (GJEP), noted in an August 17 press release, “it is the Governor’s position that the letter is only a draft, and not final until voted upon by the committee ‘in the coming weeks'” and said that “The committee is clear that the letter is a finished piece of work deserving of action by the governor.”

A member of the Governor’s Advisory Council, Dr Mary Finley-Brook, told GJEP in an email, “I am surprised by the Governor’s press staff questioning the finality of the letter after we worked for 3 months to achieve consensus. The Council has voted on this letter more than once already and members have repeatedly communicated an urgent need to address environmental justice concerns surrounding the ACP and MVP in a timely fashion given the pre-construction and permitting processes currently occurring. I was not aware of any plans to call for a vote or any further discussion of this pipeline letter.”

The Washington Post reported on August 28, 2018, that – just to make sure Governor Northam understood their recommendations were final – “The 15-member Advisory Council on Environmental Justice on Tuesday formally urged Northam to direct state agencies to suspend water and air quality permits for the Atlantic Coast Pipeline and the Mountain Valley Pipeline, separate projects being built through mountainous and rural parts of the state. Raising questions about the impact on health and the environment from the pipelines, the council said the governor should appoint an emergency task force ‘to ensure that predominately poor, indigenous, brown and/or black communities do not bear an unequal burden of environmental pollutants and life-altering disruptions.’ The board, created in October [2017] by Gov. Terry Mc­Auliffe (D), has no authority over the process but is charged with providing ‘independent advice and recommendations to the Executive Branch’ on matters of environmental justice, according to Executive Order 73, which established it.”  The Blue Virginia coverage of this story includes a video of the unanimous vote.

The clear (and clearly final!) recommendation of the board puts it at odds with Northam, who maintains that the regulatory process is working as it should.

Guidelines for Commenting on Compressor Station Air Quality Permit

Friends of Buckingham has provided the following information on critical unanswered questions about ACP’s Union Hill Compressor Station to supplement your comments to DEQ about the air permit – along with extensive talking points for your letters.  For further information, contact Chad Oba,, or email

The public comment period currently ends [please ask for an extension – see below] Tuesday, September 11 with a public hearing starting at 5 pm at the Buckingham Middle School.

This process is fragmented. All questions about the proposed compressor station should be considered together, but that is not allowed. In your comments, please:

1] first and foremost, ask for an extension of the comment period. The following is a letter of immediate requests sent on August 24 to David Paylor, head of DEQ.

2] Second important request: The Department of Environmental Quality should immediately complete a Quantified Risk Assessment (QRA) for the Buckingham Compressor Station prior to permitting and to work with other state agencies to conduct a Health Risk Assessment (HRA) and a Health Impact Assessment (HRI).

3] Choose a specific topic to focus on. See below for details.

Letter to David Paylor, sent on August 24, 2018:

A 30-day comment period for the air permit for Union Hill Compressor Station in Buckingham is inadequate:

  • .     We feel that our public process has been severely limited and we should be given every opportunity to comment in an informed and meaningful way that this current comment period does not provide.
  • .        Community members received access to large documents only weeks before the comment period and did not receive any technical support from state agencies. The applicant Dominion Energy Atlantic Coast Pipeline has had many months or even years, due to the failed first application on 2017, to work with their technical experts and to consult with the DEQ Air Division expertise. We deserve equal time.
  • .           The recent informational meeting (August 16) with DEQ Air Division was not sufficient for citizens to grasp the many technical aspects of the application and limited the questions that they were consequently ill prepared to ask.
  • Access to online documents is difficult if not prohibitive. A large population of impacted, elderly residents in the Union Hill/Woods Corner neighborhood do not own or are familiar with internet use. This is compounded by unreliable connectivity problems with the internet. This area of Buckingham lacks rural wifi or broadband infrastructure.
  • The impenetrable language of the hundreds of pages of air permitting documents and air modeling reports that accompany them make them incomprehensible without technical support. We have just recently been able to identify experts who will work with residents and community groups.
  • .     We deserve the right to an extension of the comment period to assure that our concerns for our health and welfare is assessed from all sides. Many residents are not convinced that our health and welfare will be adequately protected by the current modeling, monitoring and compliance, especially so as Dominion’s compliance record has proven to be faulty with other projects. This proposed Compressor Station has as yet been unproven in actual operation.

Therefore we request an additional 30 days for a total comment period of 60 days.

Thanking you in advance for your consideration,

Chad Oba, Friends of Buckingham
Jeeva Abbate, Yogaville Environmental Solutions
Pastor Paul Wilson, Union Hill and Union Grove Baptist Church
Swami Dayananda, Lotus Center for all Faiths
Dr Lakshmi Fjord, People’s Tribunal on Human Rights and Environmental Justice
Heidi Dhivya Berthoud, Buckingham: We the People

Commenters: please consider starting simply by identifying one question you want answered…as much as possible with technical relevance. You can draw from this modified question list but it is important that you have original/unique wording and not cut and paste.

DEQ Questions to use when writing your letter to DEQ about your concerns about the Draft Air Permit 8-26-18

Send it to: [and cc all]

Make sure to let DEQ know the urgency of the need for information, with a deadline looming. This backs up the requests for more time and gets DEQ to answer some questions. Plus we get our questions on the record by submitting to DEQ. The emails you send can be picked up by a FOIA request at some time in the future.

Furthermore…. August 16, 2018, the DEQ provided an informational meeting at the Buckingham Administration Building where we were allowed to ask questions. We generated a list of 107 really good questions, which we sent to the DEQ. A modified list can be viewed here.

DEQ Questions to use when writing your letter to DEQ about your concerns about the Draft Air Permit 8-26-18

Below is the list of public comment areas DEQ air permit staff said they would (maybe) listen to, related to the air permit:

  • Extending 30 days of comment period
  • Inadequate compliance and monitoring plans
  • Lack of access to technical documents (online, hard to read due to technical language and lack of technical support); they said in front of us that they would leave a copy in the local library (did they?)
  • Technical aspects of air permit that they might not have considered
  • Comprehensive impacts
  • Higher radioactivity of Marcellus shale (with convincing evidence)
  • Factors that challenge their assumptions of emissions not being harmful to human health (vulnerably of low income and elderly; pre-existing medical conditions)
  • ADD: Writing daily walk throughs into the permit

Since permitting authority is too narrow and highly fragmented, community concerns fall through the cracks.

So, we demand:

  • An immediate Quantitative Risk Assessment (QRA) and Comprehensive Health Impact Assessment (CHIA) to address the complex and multifaceted concerns presented by residents of Buckingham
  • Institutionalization of Environmental Justice, public safety, and health review before permitting or construction of large-scale infrastructure in minority and low-income communities;
  • Meaningful participation by impacted populations in permitting and monitoring;
  • Evaluation of climate and environmental justice impacts in all state policies, programs, and permits;
  • Reduction of state disparity in exposure by which black and brown communities disproportionately experience harm from toxic air, unsafe water, and public safety risks;
  • Development of clean and renewable energy alternatives

Air Permit Comment Writing Parties August 29, September 4

Come join friends and neighbors for help in writing your personalized comments to DEQ about the air permit for the proposed Buckingham compressor station. The comment period ends Tuesday, September 11, 2018, with the public hearing which will be at the Buckingham Middle School.

Yogaville will host the comment parties on Wednesday August 29, 2018, at 1:30 pm after lunch and 7:30 pm after dinner. Yummmmy chocolate cake will be your sweet reward.

Friends of Buckingham will host an addtional comment writing party on Tuesday, September 4, 2018, at 5:30 pm at Union Hill Baptist Church, 1496 Union Hill Road, Buckingham 23921, RRT 663, beginning with a mostly catered dinner, [including chocolate cake], to feed your bodies and fire up your muses!

Circle of Protection: The Air We Breathe

Filmed at the July Circle of Protection, “The Air We Breathe” calls out for urgent and immediate help to challenge and deny the air permit for the proposed Atlantic Coast Pipeline compressor station between now and September 11, 2018. Without the compressor station, the ACP, a robbery of and threat to all Virginians, cannot be built. Featuring Reverend Ray McKenzie of the Gravel Hill Baptist Church, Interfaith Leader Kira Young, Caroline Bray and artists Emily Robey Morrison and the Yes Brothers, this small film invites you to Stand with Union Hill.

Farm Use Old Time String Band invites you to the August 26, 2018, Circle of Protection. Note new start time of 1:30 pm. This one hour Interfaith Prayer Vigil with story and song at Union Hill Baptist Church will feature music from Farm Use Old Time String Band, personal story from Emily Satterwhite and our potluck to follow from 2:30-3:30 will have a guest speaker from SELC Come again and bring new allies to Stand with Union Hill as they challenge the air permit for the proposed ACP Compressor Station. For more about how to help with this challenge, see Our Air Our Lives.

The Baptists and the Yogis Fight the Pipeline

Excellent article in the August 18, 2018, Washington Post, The Baptists and the yogis join to fight a pipeline, about the shared concerns and joint actions of these two seemingly disparate groups. Pastor Paul Wilson and his two Union Hill congregations, along with Swami Dayananda and Yogaville residents, are leading the opposition to the Atlantic Coast pipeline and its massive compressor station in Buckingham. In a recent sermon, Wilson talked about the arrest of apostles Peter and John for healing a man. “Brought before the most intimidating authorities of the land, they were asked, how dare they defy the law? ‘There’s a turning point,’ Wilson said. Peter, filled with spirit, replied that he was acting with God’s authority. ‘Listen!’ Wilson said. ‘It does not matter who you are. It doesn’t matter where you come from.’ If you speak with moral righteousness, he said, you can face anyone.”