The three Republican Trump appointees on the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) voted on June 15, 2018, to uphold FERC’s previous approval of the Mountain Valley Pipeline and denied a request for rehearing. Democrats Cheryl LaFleur and Richard Glick dissented, questioning the finding of a market demand, since all of the pipeline’s shipping agreements are with corporate affiliates of the project’s five developers. When the rehearing request was filed in late 2017, FERC issued a tolling order, meaning the project was allowed to go forward while awaiting FERC’s action on the rehearing request. Thus, construction is well already underway. However, FERC’s formal refusal to rehear means a direct legal challenge by pipeline opponents may now go forward.